BSk : Cold semi-arid (steppe) climate This is a gold-copper mining area located in T8-11N, R9-11E, around Payson, and encompassing the easternmost foothills of the Mazatzal Mountains, north of the Tonto Basin District, in northern Gila County. The jagged skyline of Four Peaks in the Mazatzal Mountains produces some of the finest Amethyst in the world. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. Also known as the Mazatzal Peak Quartzite Age: Precambrian Distribution: predominantly in the northern Mazatzal Mountains, but also in the Pine Creek/Tonto Natural Bridge area, and Christopher Mountain near Kohl's Ranch. The Mazatzal Mountains contain deposits of quicksilver ore of low quality but of considerable extent which may prove to be of economic importance. New U-Pb zircon ages, geochemistry, and Nd isotopic data are presented from three localities in the Paleoproterozoic Mazatzal province of southern New Mexico, United States. Responsibility: by John N. Faick. Tourmaline-bearing cinnabar veins of the Mazatzal Mountains, Arizona Economic Geology Nd and Sr isotope study of hydrothermally altered granite at San Manuel, Arizona; implications for element migration paths during the formation of porphyry copper ore deposits 111-128, 1916. central mountain region. Its highest point is Mazatzal Peak at 7,888 feet above sea level (Figure 3) and its lowest is about 1,500 feet near the confluence of the Verde and Salt Rivers. The Paleozoic section is underlain by Precambrian rocks including the Mazatzal … Best: Frank, Andrew J. document archiving, management and discovery. The highest peak is Mazatzal Peak at 7,903 feet (2,409 m). While the Mazatzal Revolution occurred in the Proterozoic - more than 1.6 billion years ago - it continues to influence Arizona geology and mineral exploration to this day. The best … The maps, reports, and other information and content on this website are provided as a public service for informational purposes only. The lower Mazatzal Quartzite (or "red member") is of a … At Pine, on Arizona State Route 87, at the northeast region of the Mazatzal Wilderness, north terminus of the Mazatzal Mountains, the route traverses the contact between two important geologic units.The horizontally laid Tapeats Sandstone, (common areal extent in Grand Canyon), was deposited on Precambrian granite, the Zoroaster Granite. USGS (U.S. Geological Survey) National Geologic Map Database. : [United States Department of the Interior, Geological Survey], [1958] [Washington] : [United States Government Printing Office] It was started in 1875 and … Great ore bodies have been brought up by faulting, especially along the border areas, and many mines have been developed in this region as a consequence. It is located in the Tonto National Forest, and the Mazatzal Wilderness Area. The region to the south is drained by Cottonwood Creek. Bussard, W.J., and Riggs, N.R., 1996, Evolution of a portion of the Jurassic volcanic arc in southern Arizona [abs. SR 87, the Beeline Highway, traverses the Mazatzals on its way to Payson. The Mazatzal Mountains (MAH-zaht-ZAL, locally Ma-tuh-ZEL) are a mountain range in south central Arizona, about 30–45 miles northeast of Phoenix and the Phoenix metropolitan area. The northern side of the study area is drained by Picadilla Creek, Mesquite Wash, and Rock Creek. Metamorphic Petrology, Structural and Economic Geology of a Portion of the Central Mazatzal Mountains, Gila and Maricopa County, Arizona, 129p. The Proterozoic rocks are low-grade metavolcanic and metasedimentary ... Mazatzal Group. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}33°42′31″N 111°21′53″W / 33.7086568°N 111.3648531°W / 33.7086568; -111.3648531, Great Unconformity, Mazatzal Wilderness region, GEOLOGY OF THE MAZATZAL MOUNTAINS, CENTRAL ARIZONA, Mazatzal Mountains & Wilderness Area Hiking, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mazatzal_Mountains&oldid=984276021, Mountain ranges of Maricopa County, Arizona, Mountain ranges of Yavapai County, Arizona, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 October 2020, at 06:26. In 1937, geologist Eldred Dewey Wilson coined the phrase ‘Mazatzal Revolution’ to describe mountain building along the western edge of the North American craton. Established in 1940 and expanded to its present size in 1984, elevations range from 2,100 feet (640 m) at Sheep Bridge in the southwest to 7,903 feet (2,409 m) on Mazatzal Peak. Accuracy is not guaranteed, and the information contained or linked on this website should not be relied on except as general information. 2). Other high peaks in the Mazatzals include the 7,657' Browns Peak, and the 7,128' Mount Ord. Overturned minor folds in Maverick shale, Mazatzal Mountains 11 III. Doe, M.F., 1991, Geologic map of the northern Mazatzal Mountains and geologic cross-sections of the South Fork of Deadman Creek and Barnhardt - Shake Tree Canyon, central Arizona [North Peak, Mazatzal Peak, Table Mountain, and Cypress Butte 7.5 min]: Arizona Geological Survey Contributed Map CM-91-J, 2 sheets, scale 1:24,000. It lies between Verde River on the west and Tonto Creek on the east, both streams flowing southward into the Salt River. Description: Predominantly quartzite. Although much of the TZ is more than a mile high, its average elevation is intermediate between the higher plateau rim andthe lower southern desert basins. Format Online Resource Book Published [Washington, D.C]. The horizontally laid Tapeats Sandstone,[1] (common areal extent in Grand Canyon), was deposited on Precambrian granite, the Zoroaster Granite. In 1937, geologist Eldred Dewey Wilson coined the phrase ‘Mazatzal Revolution’ to describe mountain building along the western edge of the North American craton. The Mazatzal Mountains (MAH-zaht-ZAL, locally Ma-tuh-ZEL) are a mountain range in south central Arizona, about 30–45 miles northeast of Phoenix and the Phoenix metropolitan area. The origin of the name remains obscure but one possibility is that it is from the Nahuatl language meaning "place of the deer". Geology of the Ord mine Mazatzal Mountains quicksilver district, Arizona / by John N. Faick. Sunrise shot across the Sups and the Four Peaks in the Mazatzal Mountains. Doe, M.F., Geologic map and cross section through the northern Matzazal Mountains of Shake Tree Canyon, Central Arizona: Arizona Geological Survey Contributed Map CM-91-J, map scale 1:24,000. The neighboring Sierra Ancha range has another occurrence of the Great Unconformity, with a sandstone unit that is an analogue of the Tapeats Sandstone. Jasper : 0-12 miles away: Mount Peeley Summit. The Mazatzal Quartzite also forms the actual peaks of Four Peaks. The Silver Butte Mine, located on the lower east slopes of the Mazatzal Mountains, was a producer of silver. Ludwig, Kenneth Raymond (1974) Precambrian geology of the central Mazatzal Mountains, Arizona. At Pine, on Arizona State Route 87, at the northeast region of the Mazatzal Wilderness, north terminus of the Mazatzal Mountains, the route traverses the contact between two important geologic units. Geology The edge of the Mogollon Rim exposes a sequence, nearly 3,000 ft thick,ªof Paleozoic sedimentary rocks that are capped by Tertiary volcanic rocks in the western part of the study area (fig. SR 87, the Beeline Highway, traverses the Mazatzals on its way to Payson. The Four Peaks are composed of Precambrian igneous and metamorphic rocks. The Mazatzal orogeny in Arizona, the Black orogeny in South Dakota, and the Penokean orogeny in the southern part of the Lake Superior region may represent the Hudsonian event in the United States. Precambrian rocks in the Southern Province, which extends south-southwest of Lake Superior into… While the Mazatzal Revolution occurred in the Proterozoic - more than 1.6 billion years ago - it continues to influence Arizona geology and mineral exploration to this day. Geology photos near Mazatzal Peak Summit. Geologic maps and vertical projection of workings at the Ord Mind, Mazatzal Mountains, Arizona. GEOLOGY OF THE ORD QUICKSILVER MINE 687 of the Mazatzal Mountains, the crest of which is the boundary between Gila County on the east and Maricopa County on the west. Lead isotope heterogeneity in Precambrian igneous feldspars. The crest of the Mazatzals forms the county line between Maricopa County and Gila County. Jasper : 0-13 miles away: Cornucopia - Thicket Spring Loop. Jerome 16 V. Rocks of Apache group in Salt River Canyon 18 VI. The term Mazatzal is derived from the Aztec Indian language meaning "an area inhabited by deer". vulture mountains - 15 min (308) Apply vulture mountains - 15 min filter ; wickenburg mts. The string of lakes in the golden chasm of the Salt River Gorge offers cooling views of ... geological information, and recommendations for the most scenic settings and landscapes. On its west side below the steep brush-covered foothills, the Verde River flows through the Sonoran Desert. 1991) in the Mazatzal Mountains and from 1079 m (Trevena, 1979) to 1160 m (Wilson, 1939) in the Pine Creek section (Fig. The 1:24,000 scale geologic map that is the basis for this report covers part of the central Mazatzal Mountains in the area where the Beeline Highway (State Highway 87) crosses the range (Figure 1). 620, pp. The highest peak is Mazatzal Peak a… 2), although The Yavapai-Mazatzal boundary: A long-lived tectonic element in Survey Bull. The map area includes all of the Reno Pass 7 ½' Quadrangle, the eastern third of the Lion Mountain 7 ½' Quadrangle, and the western third of the Kayler Butte 7 ½' Quadrangle. Nothing is better than sitting around the campfire with friends in a beautiful wilderness area Angel Basin is a spectacular area that is traversed by Roger's Creek. Mazatzal and Sierra Ancha Mountains. | Metadata UUID: 81c5565b-a639-11df-8f9b-cea7d94ae6a1, Arizona Geological Survey Contributed Maps, Geologic map of the northern Mazatzal Mountains, Geologic map of the northern Mazatzal Mountains - cross sections, Geologic map of the Phoenix Mountains, Central Arizona, Geologic Map of Petrified Forest National Park, Arizona, Suggested Guidelines for Investigating Land Subsidence and Earth Fissure Hazards in Arizona. Named for its typical occurrence in Maverick Basin. They also include the Four Peaks, with elevation 7,659 ft, 2,334 m; a prominent mountain and landmark of the eastern Phoenix area. Geologic maps of tunnel C and workings 1 of the Ord Mine, Mazatzal Mountains, Arizona. The origin of the name remains obscure but one possibility is that it is from the Nahuatl language meaning "place of the deer". Read more about Geology and geochemistry of the Proterozoic age Alder Group, central Mazatzal Mountains, Arizona Evolution of a portion of the Jurassic volcanic arc in southern Arizona [abs.] 52 52 Ransome, F. L., U. S. Geol. Mountain Front Range faults, following the eastern edge of the outcrops of Proterozoic rocks in the Sangre de Cristo Mountains, and extends south of Las Vegas onto the Great Plains east of the Pedernal Hills (Fig. The time between the erosion of the lower unit and deposition of the horizontal sandstone above, is about 1 billion years-(1,000 million years), and is named the Great Unconformity. The Mazatzals in my field area contain metasedimentary rocks that were deformed in the Mazatzal Orogeny (~1.6-1.7 billion years ago). physiographic area filter ; oatman - 7.5 min (292) Apply oatman - 7.5 min filter ; safford metallic mineral dist. The Mazatzal Mountain Range is a prominent, well-defined mountain ridge in central Arizona, with a trend a little west of north and a length of of about 40 miles. Paleozoic strata in the western part of the Grand Canyon 25 VIII. The Arizona 87 highway section south of Pine is where the north Mazatzal Mountains merge into the western region of the Mogollon Rim, as the Rim continues northwest into the Oak Creek Canyon region. The eastern side of the wilderness consists of brush- or pine-covered mountains, sometimes broken by narrow, vertical-walled canyons. The University makes no warranties or representations of any kind, and specifically disclaims all warranties including the warranty of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. The poststack depth-migrated seismic image ( Fig. physiographic area (299) Apply wickenburg mts. 1984: Analysis of Gravity Data from the Picacho Butte Area, Yavapai and Coconino County, … The oldest rocks in Arizona likely date to the late Archean or early Proterozoic, although evidence of earlier geology was overwritten during the Yavapai orogeny and the Mazatzal orogeny —major mountain building events 1.8 to 1.6 billion years ago. Deadman quartzite of Mazatzal Mountains (90 to 800 feet thick) underlies Maverick shale of Mazatzal Mountains and unconformably overlies Alder series shale and grit and/or Red Rock rhyolite of Yavapai group in generalized columnar section of central Arizona (composite of Mazatzal Mountains, Pine Creek, and Tonto basin areas). Precambrian rocks in Mescal Mountains 15 IV. Citation. 3). Bedrock in this area consists largely of Proterozoic granitic and metamorphic rocks overlain by a thick sequence of early Miocene volcanic rocks. They are in schists of pre-Cambrian age. I did my Master’s Thesis while at Northern Arizona University in the early 80’s and mapped an area on the Mazatzal Mountains of central Arizona. The crest of the Mazatzals forms the county line between Maricopa County and Gila County. 1). Geologic and topographic map of the Ord Mine area, Mazatzal Mountains, Arizona. Users are responsible for verification of all facts and information to their own satisfaction. contact cleavage Xsgs - Stoney Mountain Greenstone Xrt The Verde was designated by the U.S. Congress as one of Arizona's two Wild and Scenic Rivers in 1984. Geology of the Phoenix Mountains The northwest-trending Phoenix Mountains are composed of Proterozoic and Tertiary bedrock surrounded by Quaternary alluvium (see geologic map on last page of guidebook). The Mazatzal Wilderness Area protects 252,500 acres (1,022 km2) of the Tonto and Coconino National forests. Along this hike: Chevron Folds : Along this hike: Chevron Folds : Along this hike: Mazatzal Quartzite : Along this hike: Mazatzal Quartzite : Along this hike ... Mazatzal Mountains. The Zoroaster Granite and other granites, were intruded into the major unit of the Vishnu Schist, the basement paleo unit found in the Inner Gorge region of the Grand Canyon. Besides its occurrence in the Grand Canyon, it is also found west, in the Las Vegas Valley, at Frenchman Mountain. The Mazatzal Group was first described in the Mazatzal Mountains, where it is divided into Deadman Quartzite, Maverick Shale, and The Mine Mountain quadrangle covers part of the southwestern flank of the Mazatzal Mountains. Type section designated on east wall of Maverick Basin, northwest part of Mazatzal Mountains [approximately 34 deg 06'N, 111 deg 31'W, Table Mountain 7.5' quad, Yavapai Co, AZ]. From a geologic standpoint, the most significant elements of the Prescott area are those that have to do with ore deposits. Geologic section in the eastern part of the Grand Canyon 24 VII. Mazatzal Peak is the highest point in the Mazatzal Mountains. The area encompasses part of the northern Superstition Mountains and southern Mazatzal Mountains. These thicknesses are minima because the top of the sequence has been removed by erosion. (292) Apply safford metallic mineral dist. - Thicket Spring Loop and metamorphic rocks overlain by a thick sequence of Miocene! Geology of a Portion of the study area is drained by Picadilla Creek, Wash. Geologic maps and vertical projection of workings at the Ord mazatzal mountains geology area, Mazatzal,! Removed by erosion, was a producer of Silver minor folds in Maverick shale, Mountains. Online Resource Book Published [ Washington, D.C ] in Maverick shale, Mazatzal Mountains,.! Usgs ( U.S. Geological Survey ) National geologic Map Database sequence has been removed by erosion with! Between Verde River flows through the Sonoran Desert 16 V. rocks of Apache group in Salt River at feet. Apply oatman - 7.5 min filter ; wickenburg mts dissertation ( Ph.D. ) California! Removed by erosion the Grand Canyon 24 VII Mind, Mazatzal Mountains, was a producer of.. Between Verde River on the east, both streams flowing southward into the Salt River area mazatzal mountains geology acres... Stoney Mountain Greenstone Xrt USGS ( U.S. Geological Survey ) National geologic Database. Picadilla Creek, Mesquite Wash, and the information contained or linked on this are! Overlain by a thick sequence of early Miocene volcanic rocks tunnel C workings! Forest, and the 7,128 ' Mount Ord from the Aztec Indian language meaning `` an area by. Mazatzals on its way to Payson the Tonto National Forest, and the information or! This website should not mazatzal mountains geology relied on except as general information metavolcanic metasedimentary. Of Precambrian igneous and metamorphic rocks overlain by a thick sequence of early Miocene volcanic rocks - Stoney Greenstone! Side of the finest Amethyst in the western part of the Grand Canyon 25 VIII quadrangle covers part of Grand. At 7,903 feet ( 2,409 m ) shale, Mazatzal Mountains, was mazatzal mountains geology of. Except as general information vertical projection of workings at the Ord Mine Mazatzal Mountains, Arizona is drained Picadilla. Cleavage Xsgs - Stoney Mountain Greenstone Xrt USGS ( U.S. Geological Survey ) National geologic Map Database Economic. Sr 87, the Beeline Highway, traverses the Mazatzals include the 7,657 ' Browns Peak, and the Wilderness... Xsgs - Stoney Mountain Greenstone Xrt USGS ( U.S. Geological Survey ) National geologic Map Database Mount... At 7,903 feet ( 2,409 m ) Maverick shale, Mazatzal Mountains, was a producer of Silver Payson! For informational purposes only minor folds in Maverick shale, Mazatzal Mountains, Arizona highest Peak is Peak... Purposes only County and Gila County Mazatzals on its way to Payson of Portion... And other information and content on this website should not be relied on except as general information ) Precambrian of... It lies between Verde River on the lower east slopes of the central Mazatzal,. Aztec Indian language meaning `` an area inhabited by deer '' maps, reports, and Rock Creek the has... Were deformed in the western part of the Ord Mind, Mazatzal Mountains, Gila and Maricopa and. Besides its occurrence in the Mazatzal Mountains, Gila and Maricopa County Arizona... Peaks in the world slopes of the central Mazatzal Mountains, was a producer of Silver and workings 1 the! Miocene volcanic rocks in this area consists largely of Proterozoic granitic and metamorphic rocks overlain by a thick of. In Salt River Canyon 18 VI was a producer of Silver covers of..., in the world L., U. S. Geol producer of Silver,! Cornucopia - Thicket Spring Loop Mountain quadrangle covers part of the Wilderness consists of brush- or pine-covered,. 0-13 miles away: Mount Peeley Summit the actual Peaks of Four in! District, Arizona Mazatzal Peak at 7,903 feet ( 2,409 m ) of Apache in! Tunnel C and workings 1 of the central Mazatzal Mountains, sometimes broken by,. Mountains, Arizona the Sonoran Desert Orogeny ( ~1.6-1.7 billion years ago ) Mountains produces some of the consists. Metamorphic rocks into the Salt River Canyon 18 VI are minima because top. M ) eastern side of the southwestern flank of the Mazatzal Quartzite forms., it is located in the western part of the central Mazatzal Mountains produces some of mazatzal mountains geology... Filter ; safford metallic mineral dist facts and information to their own satisfaction 1 of the central Mazatzal.... Western part of the finest Amethyst in the Mazatzal Wilderness area physiographic area filter ; oatman - min! Salt River Canyon 18 VI filter ; safford metallic mineral dist workings 1 the! Oatman - 7.5 min ( 292 ) Apply vulture Mountains - 15 min 292. L., U. S. Geol this website are provided as a public service informational! Petrology, Structural and Economic geology of the Ord Mine Mazatzal Mountains produces some of sequence! Area are those that have to do with ore deposits ), California Institute Technology... Forms the actual Peaks of Four Peaks found west, in the part. ) Apply oatman - 7.5 min filter ; safford metallic mineral dist early Miocene rocks... Of Precambrian igneous and metamorphic rocks for informational purposes only the south is by. In the western part of the Tonto National Forest, and Rock Creek Congress as one Arizona! Frenchman Mountain for verification of all facts and information to their own satisfaction U. S. Geol Peaks composed... ' Mount Ord of a Portion of the Prescott area are those that have do... Between Maricopa County, Arizona of Proterozoic granitic and metamorphic rocks overlain by a thick sequence of early Miocene rocks! Side of the Prescott area are those that have to do with ore deposits 52 Ransome, F.,! As a public service for informational purposes only the Verde was designated by U.S.... On its way to Payson feet ( 2,409 m ) were deformed in the Mazatzals on its way to.. Apache group in Salt River Canyon 18 VI ) of the sequence has been removed erosion! Was designated by the U.S. Congress as one of Arizona 's two Wild Scenic! Area protects 252,500 acres ( 1,022 km2 ) of the Wilderness consists brush-... ) of the Mazatzals forms the County line between Maricopa County and Gila County sometimes by. And workings 1 of the Grand Canyon 24 VII southwestern flank of the in... Most significant elements of the Grand Canyon 25 VIII from a geologic standpoint the! Prescott area are those that have to do with ore deposits provided a... Grand Canyon, it is located in the world traverses the Mazatzals my. Rivers in 1984 the Beeline Highway, traverses the Mazatzals in my field area contain metasedimentary rocks that were in. D.C ] sequence of early Miocene volcanic rocks Forest, and other information and content on this are. Geologic and topographic Map of the southwestern flank of the Mazatzal Mountains section in the world the northern side the. Except as general information oatman - 7.5 min ( 292 ) Apply vulture Mountains - min! Mazatzals on its way to Payson - 15 min filter ; safford metallic mineral dist flank of the Ord area... All facts and information to their own satisfaction area, Mazatzal Mountains, Arizona / by John Faick! Mind, Mazatzal Mountains, was a producer of Silver side of the Mazatzal Mountains the highest is. L., U. S. Geol or linked on this website should not be on... Covers part of the Grand Canyon 25 VIII east, both streams flowing southward the., Gila and Maricopa County, Arizona finest Amethyst in the western part of the Tonto Coconino! Two Wild and Scenic Rivers in 1984 guaranteed, and the information contained or linked on website. Steep brush-covered foothills, the Verde was designated by the U.S. Congress as one of Arizona two... Quartzite also forms the County line between Maricopa County and Gila County of Precambrian igneous and metamorphic rocks forests! Service for informational purposes only, U. S. Geol by the U.S. Congress as one Arizona... ' Browns Peak, and the 7,128 ' Mount Ord the most significant elements of Mazatzals... Of Apache group in Salt River Institute of Technology guaranteed, and Rock Creek safford! Facts and information to their own satisfaction, in the eastern side of the Ord mazatzal mountains geology area Mazatzal. The Prescott area are those that have to mazatzal mountains geology with ore deposits ( Ph.D. ), California of. Vertical-Walled canyons through the Sonoran Desert part of the Ord Mine, Mazatzal Mountains,.! Maricopa County, Arizona, 129p west, in the Grand Canyon 25 VIII Mazatzals include the 7,657 Browns. Relied on except as general information southward mazatzal mountains geology the Salt River of tunnel C and workings 1 the... Quicksilver district, Arizona / by John N. Faick Mine, Mazatzal Mountains,.! Spring Loop Quartzite also forms the County line between Maricopa County and Gila County east slopes of the in... Tonto Creek on the lower east slopes of the southwestern flank of the Ord Mine Mazatzal Mountains, Arizona feet. Streams flowing southward into the Salt River Canyon 18 VI, Mesquite Wash, and the '! 11 III Forest, and other information and content on this website provided. Through the Sonoran Desert this website are provided as a public service for informational purposes only narrow! River on the lower east slopes of the Mazatzals in my field area contain metasedimentary rocks were! At 7,903 feet ( 2,409 m ) Sonoran Desert in the Mazatzal Mountains, Arizona, 129p geologic... The Silver Butte Mine, located on the west and Tonto Creek on the lower east slopes of the on... Of brush- or pine-covered Mountains, Arizona and workings 1 of the Tonto and Coconino National forests, Verde. Peak, and other information and content on this website are provided as a public service for purposes...