The overall coat color is a very dark brown (sometimes with reddish highlights), but the sides are covered with a smattering of white or buff spots. The chital (Axis axis), also known as spotted deer, chital deer, and axis deer, is a species of deer that is native to the Indian subcontinent. Females have four teats. The species was first described by German naturalist Johann Christian Polycarp Erxleben in 1777. It can grow up to 6.5 feet (2 meters) from hoof to shoulder and weigh around 1,800 lbs. While males weigh 30–75 kg (66–165 lb), the lighter females weigh 25–45 kg (55–99 lb). Both sexes have black noses, a white chin and white rump. A small russet-coloured deer, turning light grey in winter. Fill out the form below to receive additional information about our, The spotted deer, or chital, is the most common, Repeater Layout : A dark line runs along the spine from shoulder to tail, and this is bordered by a row of spots. Deer Facts Deer are known for being calm and gentle animals. The outer parts of their legs are light brown in color while the underparts can be both white and creamy. Axis axis (Indian spotted deer, or chital); stag and doe (in native range). Male axis deer stand 35 in. Then in 1932, it was introduced to Texas as a game animal. It stands 90–95 cm (35–37 inches) at the shoulder. (820 kg).All deer spe… Note sexual dimorphism. These two types of deer can be spotted almost anywhere and are among the most common you will venture across. Males are also usually darker than females. Deer have several other distinguishing characteristics. Log in, Fundamentals of Ecology and Environmental Science, Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click here to view State wise list of Indian state animals (symbols) – updated, Click here to view State wise list of Indian state birds (symbols) – updated, Govind Pashu Vihar National Park complete detail – updated, Bank myna (Acridotheres ginginianus) complete detail – updated, Crested bunting (Melophus lathami) Yuvaraaj – complete detail, Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park – complete detail – updated, Deforestation and Its impacts on nature & natural resources. The spotted deer, or chital, is the most common deer species in Indian forests. Chinese water deer. The deer are born and have for life a bright reddish coat, which is marked with white spots. (Nowak, 1999) Behavior. The deer is small and short-legged yet it is the largest endemicspecies of deer among the Visayas. This species is easily distinguished from other species of deer in the Philippines by the distinctive "A" pattern of beige spots which dot its deep brown back and sides. Its name comes from the word “shika” which means deer in Japanese language. The smallest deer is the Southern pudu, according to the ARKive project. However, the males are larger than the females. It is not known how long Visayan spotted deer live. A small, short-legged deer with a crouched build, the Visayan spotted deer is easily recognized by its namesake spots. As they regrow, they are covered in a furry coat called velvet. The spotted deer habitat is in the area of open grasslands, they like abundant grass food sources and such locations also benefit them to stay alerted when there are approaching predators. Related deer species can live a maximum of 12-17 years. Spotted deer (Axis axis) is the most common deer species of wooded forest in India, Sri Lanka, Nepal and Bangladesh (Schaller, 1967).They are primarily a grazer (Mishra, 1982) and graze mostly on tender grasses (Schaller, 1967).Hofmann (1988) classified spotted deer as an intermediate/mixed feeder, while, Rodgers (1988) had categorised them as a generalist feeder, … Males weigh up to 243 lbs., while females typically max out at 100 lbs. Abstract. Some Deer have Spots like the Spotted Deer and some young one's of Deer too have Spots which disappear as they mature. Each year, antlers fall off and regrow. This species of deer is relatively large. Many people even think of Bambi, the young and playful Disney cartoon, when they see a deer out in the wild. The weight of adult spotted d eer is between 35 to 85 kg. Deer are well-adapted to notice and meet danger. These deer were prized for their velvet antlers in China and Taiwan. During the mating season, males utter loud shrill whistles that can be heard over a mile away. Our weekly eNewsletter highlights new adventures, exclusive offers, webinars, nature news, travel ideas, photography tips and more. The fur of both sexes is brown or reddish brown, and covered with small white spots. deer in Indonesia, but not enough data had been collected to evaluate the validity of this species. Chital are a lightly-built species; males are larger and heavier than females. Originally from southern India, Nepal, and Sri Lanka, the axis deer was introduced to Hawaii in the 1860s. The underparts, including the underside of the tail, are white, and there is a white \"bib\" on the upper thr… Its curved, three-pronged antlers extend nearly 3 feet and shed each year. or so. Piebald Deer - A Piebald Deer is a Deer with a Brown and White Spotting Pattern. Near the belly the spots may merge to form a horizontal stripe. Chital Deer Facts The chital is also known as spotted deer or axis deer. With a lifespan of about 20 to 30 years, it stands at about 35 inches tall and weighs about 187 pounds. 1. The Spotted deer is considered the most beautiful of all cervids. What do roe deer look like? It is also called the Spotted Deer. ©N.A. If you live in an area overrun by a growing deer population, the standard, brown, white-tailed variety are a dime a dozen. All deer lack the gall bladder. The red deer is also easy to identify, because of its glossy red coat, which can be either intense red, or a little more subdued. Characteristics: It stands 90−95cm tall … Colour Variations. Unlike females, the male species grow antlers, which are shed once a year. It is found primarily in the rainforests of the Visayan Islands in the Philippines. We're Proud of the Reputation We’ve Earned, Homepage Image: Grizzly bear mother & Cub, © Ingo Arndt / Minden Pictures, Please send me a free 160-page catalog of the World's Greatest Nature Journeys, /know-before-you-go/asia-the-pacific/india/wildlife-guide/spotted-deer/. Main Characteristics Chital are large deer and they have a body length between 1 and 1.5 m (3.25 - 5 ft), a tail length between 10 and 25 cms (4 - 10 inches) and they weigh between 70 and 79 kgs (155 - 175 lbs). White-tailed deer are herbivores, leisurely grazing on most available plant foods. tall at the shoulder, and females stand 28 in. The deer’s golden- rufus coloring is speckled with white spots, and it has a white underbelly. Youre driving through your neighborhood and see the usual suburban white-tailed deer in a vacant field. Oliver et al. Adult males, known as bucks, have small antlers with up to three points which they shed and regrow each year. The Axis deer has white spot on its throat, which is more noticeable in males. Other distinctive features include cream underparts and white fur on the chin and lower … Deer are often seen slowly eating plants or leaping through the tall grass, and … Deer species range from very large to very small. They differ even more in weight. vertical-2up. In addition, the tail of the Axis deer has white under part. Deer may have scent glands on their legs (metatarsal, tarsal, and pedal glands), but they do not have rectal, vulval, or preputal glands. The bright reddish-brown coat of both sexes is marked with scattered white spots in all seasons. tall at the shoulder. Chinese water deer are the least common of the UK wild deer species, they are a territorial species and their distribution is largely limited to the Midlands and East Anglia. The length of tail about 10 to 25 cm. Sightings are very rare because of the high hunting pressure and dwindling population. It is found all over Eastern Asia. It was first described by German naturalist Johann Christian Polycarp Erxleben in 1777. The Axis deer has a reddish brown, … Found in wet areas, as … Males also grow large antlers, while females do not. They are reddish/fawn in colour with white spots and a white coloured underside. Naseer-2006, Ernakulam district, Kerala, India/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 2.5 IN Stags and does: Axis axis (Indian spotted deer, or chital); stags and does. They have bright red-brown fur in summer, fading to a duller shade of brown in winter. Adults range from 125 to 130 cm (49 to 51 in) long from the head to the base of the tail, 70 to 80 cm (28 to 31 in) in shoulder height and 25 to 80 kg (55 to 176 lb) in weight. Chital, also called Spotted Deer, or Axis Deer, (Cervus axis, sometimes Axis axis), Asiatic deer, belonging to the family Cervidae (order Artiodactyla). They are about 70 to 90 cm high at the shoulder. Head to body length measures about 90 to 140 cm. Two, their coats change colors according to the season, and fawns have spotted coats, allowing the deer to hide on the forest floor. One of the characteristics of deer … (2008) lists R. alfredi as a predominate browser, with a note that fruits are "relished" by captive animals. Then a flash of white catches your eye. India. The spotted deer is perhaps the most beautiful of all deer. A moderate-sized deer, male chital reach nearly 90 cm (35 in) and females 70 cm (28 in) at the shoulder. Axis deer are also called chital deer or spotted Indian deer. In India, the axis deer population has declined mainly due to habitat loss. (9 kilograms) and gets to be only about 14 inches (36 centimeters) tall when fully grown. Look for Bengal tigers and other exotic animals as we discover India’s wild side, on this in-depth exploration of three premier national parks. According to the Cosley Zoo, deer coats adapt in two ways. Visayan spotted deer feed at night, and they are often hunted with headlights as they will freeze in the beams (Rabor, 1977). There is a dark dorsal stripe which runs along the along the deers spine. They prefer to live in dense forests, grasslands and areas of thick vegetation. You may also have seen a key deer, which is a type of white-tailed deer … Zoo Negara, Malaysia. The characteristics of each species make them well-suited to the habitats found across Britain and highly adaptable to environmental changes. It weighs only abbout 20 lbs. They have been in the country for longer than muntjac and have a potentially higher birth rate (usually twins or triplets) but although they are increasing in range, they are doing so far more slowly than muntjac. The upper … These deer have dark stripe, running along the length of their back and bordered by a row of spots. … [Related: Oh, You Deer: Newborn Mini Fawn Is Seriously Cute]The largest deer is the moose. Spotted Deer have a pinkish brown coat marked with white spots and the under parts of this animal remain white in color. One, they are made up of hollow hairs, which insulates them in the cold. Berlin and the Visayan spotted deer With a shoulder height of just 60 to 70 cm, the Visayan spotted deer is one of the world’s smallest deer species. The chital (Axis axis), also called the spotted deer or Axis deer, is one of the most common species of deer found in the forests of India and Sri Lanka. Youve been seeing these deer a lot more lately, so you hardly take notice. The appearance of roe deer changes throughout the year. … Introduction. These spots usually run in run in uneven longitudinal rows. Physical And Behavioral Characteristics. Fallow deer were almost certainly introduced by the Normans while three Asiatic species, Reeves’ muntjac, Chinese water deer and sika deer arrived in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. It lives in grasslands and forests in India and Sri Lanka in herds of up to 100 or more. Usually, the antlers have three prongs and are curved in a lyre shape. A white deer. Furthermore, there is one introduced species which is Axis axis (chital, spotted deer or axis deer) (Goss, 1985; Bubenik & Bubenik, 1990; Stefoff, 2008; Timmins et al., 2016). Ten adult male spotted deer were monitored over a 2-year interval to determine seasonal variations in testicular size, semen characteristics and serum testosterone concentrations, and to determine if there was an association between season and type of antler. April 2006. You won't find a richer Indian nature safari! Visayan spotted deer are social animals and are generally found in small groups with fewer than eight individuals. It is sexually dimorphic; males are larger than females, and antlersare present only on males. 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