Royal Navy, HMS Vindictive Date of death: 23/04/1918 (aged 23) Cemetery: DOVER (ST. JAMES'S) CEMETERY Son of Charles Henry and Lucy Mary Gilkerson, … [8], UK CPI inflation numbers based on data available from Gregory Clark (2013), ". Vindictive completed her trials on 21 September 1918 (ahead of the four other Hawkins-class ships) and achieved a trial speed of 29.12 kn (33.51 mph; 53.93 km/h) with 63,600 shp (47,400 kW) of engine output. But it’s not a story the official WW1 commemoration wants to highlight. 2's position was occupied by a prototype compressed-air Carey aircraft catapult, the first British cruiser to mount a catapult. She paid off into reserve in June 1945 and was scrapped at Blyth in February 1946. HMS Vindictive was a British Arrogant-class cruiser built at Chatham Dockyard. My father, Bill Rodgers, served on HMS Vindictive from 21st of Dec 1941 until 25th of Feb 1945. For the rest of the year she conducted flying trials and exercises, including those of the Port Victoria Grain Griffin reconnaissance aircraft, of which two were lost in accidents. To increase her stability after the addition of so much topweight, the upper portion of her anti-torpedo bulge was enlarged. She then moved to Mers el Kebir for a stint in the Mediterranean Fleet until 1944. 2 7.5-inch gun, two 3-inch guns and the conning tower were removed and the forward superstructure was remodelled into a 78 by 49 feet (23.8 by 14.9 m) hangar with a capacity for six reconnaissance aircraft. [28] She remained with the Mediterranean Fleet until 1944, when she was recalled to support the ships participating in Operation Overlord. Her armament was reduced to two 4.7 in (120 mm) guns. 9,394 long tons (9,545 t) (light), 11,500 long tons (11,700 t) (deep load), 5,400 nmi (6,200 mi; 10,000 km) at 14 kn (16 mph; 26 km/h), 1,000 tons oil and coal fuel (normal), 800 tons coal and 1,500 tons oil (max), 2.5 to 1.5 in (64 to 38 mm) side (forward and aft). The modifications had made the ship lighter than the rest of the Hawkins-class, at 9,394 long tons (9,545 t) light displacement. The ‘Great War’ was finally over. The officer in command and Finch kept up a perpetual flow of fire. Second Supplement dated Wednesday 19 February 1919, page 2519. They had a stowage capacity of 800 long tons (810 t) of coal and 1,600 long tons (1,600 t) of fuel oil, giving her a range of 5,400 nautical miles (10,000 km; 6,200 mi) at a speed of 14 knots (26 km/h; 16 mph). In June she was renamed Vindictive, the fifth ship of that name in the RN, to perpetuate the name of the old protected cruiser Vindictive, which had distinguished herself in the Zeebrugge Raid of April 1918 and had then been sunk as a blockship at Ostend in May. 227, 231–33, 236; Layman, p. 66, Layman, p. 66; Raven & Roberts, pp. Fast and small, with 18 inch torpedoes in their stern, these new World War One Royal Navy ‘Coastal Motor Boats’ (CMB) were not the benign craft their name suggests. [22] In July 1935 the ship was briefly sailed from her reserve mooring to join in the King George V's Silver Jubilee Fleet Review held on the 15th. VS part of HMS Vindictive showing battered and torn red ensign. Cyril Rudd. A crash barrier was hung from "the gallows" at the forward end of the landing on deck. Aircraft Carrier, then returned to Cruiser, 1924. The following year she participated in the British campaign in the Baltic against the Bolsheviks during which her aircraft made numerous attacks against the naval base at Kronstadt. [12] Experiments conducted earlier aboard the larger Furious, with a similarly intact superstructure and funnels, had demonstrated that the turbulence from these was enough to make successful landings almost impossible at high speed. In reality one bomb struck the oil tanker Tatiana, setting it on fire and killing one man. [2] The original cruiser armament was reduced to four 7.5 in (190 mm) guns. Commissioned at Chatham on 20 August, 1928 with Fleet Air Arm Flight No. She had a low priority so little work had been done by early October, when a less complex modernisation was considered. Alukselle tehtiin sen uran aikana useampia muutoksia ja siten sen ura oli melko vaihteleva ennen lopullista romuttamista 1946. As their airfield was not yet finished, the ship's flying-off deck was extended to 118 feet (36.0 m) to better allow the bombers to take off with their 112-pound (51 kg) bombs. Some 2,200 long tons (2,200 t) of stores were also off-loaded, but the ship could not be towed free by the combined efforts of the light cruisers Danae and Cleopatra and three tugboats. This was connected by a catwalk on the port side to a landing-on deck constructed abaft the funnels, while buffer nets prevented overruns that could have collided with the superstructure. Vindictive returned home at the end of the year and was placed in reserve for several years before her flight decks were removed and she was reconverted back into a cruiser. [27] Vindictive was transferred to the South Atlantic later in the year and remained there until late 1942, when she was ordered north. From 1930-1933, she was recommissioned four times in order to make trooping voyages to Hong Kong, each round trip taking up to six months, and was then in reserve apart from appearing at the Silver Jubilee Naval Review at Spithead in July 1935. In early August 1944, the ship was damaged by a long-range, circling, "Dackel" torpedo dropped by the Luftwaffe off the coast of Normandy. The aircraft were hoisted up through a hatch at the aft end of the flying-off deck by two derricks. Originally designed as a Hawkins -class heavy cruiser and laid down under the name Cavendish, she was converted into an aircraft carrier while still building. Photo of HMS Vindictive by Marc Ryckaert. HMS Cavendish, the most advanced of a new series of heavy cruisers was operational in October 1918, not as a cruiser, but an aircraft carrier, under the new name of HMS Vindictive (see above). She completed her sea trials on 21 September 1918 and reached a speed of 29.12 knots (53.93 km/h; 33.51 mph) from 63,600 shaft horsepower (47,400 kW). Available NOW! All rights reserved. No. HMS Vindictive (1897) - WikiMili, The Free Encyclopedia - WikiMili, The Free Encyclopedia. The work involved the removal of two sets of machinery and the after funnel, and the construction of deck-houses for accommodation and lecture spaces for 200 trainee officers. The Hawkins class was a class of five heavy cruisers of the Royal Navy designed in 1915 and constructed throughout the First World War.All ships were named after Elizabethan sea captains. By December she was serving the flotillas of the Home Fleet at Scapa Flow. The Hawkins-class, HMS Hawkins (D86), 1942 is a rank V British cruiser with a battle rating of 5.3 (AB/RB/SB). Four days later, Rear Admiral Walter Cowan ordered Donald and his aircraft to attack Kronstadt at night. Alukselle tehtiin sen uran aikana useampia muutoksia ja siten sen ura oli melko vaihteleva ennen lopullista romuttamista 1946. She was re-commissioned with special complement on 16 August, 1927. The two derricks that serviced the hangar were replaced by a single crane on the starboard side of the hangar roof. In this role, she had a standard displacement of 10,000 long tons (10,000 t) (12,000 long tons (12,000 t) at full load) and her draught increased to 20 feet 3 inches (6.2 m).[25]. The vessel participated in the Zeebrugge Raid. HMS Vindictive picks up a ditched aircraft, Baltic 1919, HMS Vindictive firing party for dead pilot, Baltic 1919. She ferried British troops to Narvik in late April and escorted an evacuation convoy from Harstad on 4 June. In June 1918, she was renamed Vindictive, since it was desired to perpetuate the name of the old Arrogant-class cruiser Vindictive which had distinguished herself in the Zeebrugge Raid of April 1918 and had been sunk as a blockship at Ostend in May.[3]. HMS Vindictive was a British Arrogant-class cruiser built at Chatham Dockyard. Laid down on June 29, 1916, the HMS Cavendish was launched on January 17, 1918. As a result, the torpedo boats damaged the battleship Andrei Pervozvanny and sank Pamiat Azova. [5] (£8.21 million as of 2020),[6] The Admiralty had decided to abandon the idea of separate flying-off and flying-on decks in favour of flush deck carriers, and thus Vindictive was already obsolete in her brief carrier role. From the summer of 1939-March 1940, Vindictive was converted once more, as a fleet repair ship, her seaplane crane and lecture spaces (easily convertible to machine shops) proving assets. The 193 by 57 feet (58.8 by 17.4 m) landing deck required the removal of Nos. The Admiralty had considered converting her to that configuration, with an island, in July 1918 while still building, but had decided to wait on the results of tests conducted with Argus evaluating different designs for the island. They were designed to displace 9,750 long tons (9,906 t) and had a complement of 37 officers and 672 enlisted men. Her armament was removed and her forward superstructure was extended over the former hangar's roof. A year after her return in 1928, she was again placed in reserve. Deploying the torpedo from the CMB while planing at speed towards t… Two of these were mounted on a platform between the aft funnel and the mainmast and the third gun was positioned on the quarterdeck between the two 7.5-inch guns. On 23 July 1929, she suffered an explosion in a gun at Chatham Dockyard in which one man was killed. High powered and with a single step hull design, they were light, fast planing boats easily transported and when underway, capable of crossing minefields and skipping over protective booms. HMS Vindictive was a Royal Navy warship built between 1916 and 1918. The only landing aboard the ship was made by William Wakefield on 1 November in the fleet's last operational Sopwith Pup. On 6 July, she ran aground on a shoal near Reval at 15 kn (17 mph; 28 km/h) and after more than a week was towed clear by tugs and two other cruisers. The catapult was then removed. Though six aircraft were allowed for, it was found that two fighters and six scout planes could be carried. She paid off to a C. & M. Party on 10 February, 1925.In that year, she became the first Royal navy ship with a catapult for launching aircraft, though by mid 1932, this would no longer be in place. from HMS Vindictive at Biorke reported that on 14/8/19 Taylor died of a fractured skull at Kolvisto. Com… HMS Vindictive was a warship built during the First World War for the Royal Navy (RN). Vindictive was subsequently broken up at Blyth. The design of the Hawkins-class cruisers was finalized in late 1915 and four ships were ordered in December of that year. In subsequent attacks on Kronstadt, they nearly hit Andrei Pervozvanny while she was in drydock, nearly hit a minesweeper, killing one crewman from the explosion, and hit two auxiliary ships. Her two inboard propellers were removed as were the inboard turbines; half of her boilers were removed and their compartments were converted into accommodations. When it had begun in August 1914, the British government predicted that it would be won by Christmas, but it had dragged on for four more years, with dreadful suffering and loss of life. New 1/1250 scale waterline model of the British aircraft carrier HMS Vindictive by Spider Navy (SN 1-05) as in 1919. By this time the threat from German cruisers and raiders had ended, so construction proceeded slowly. HMS Vindictive was laid down by Harland and Wolff at Belfast on 26 June 1916 and was launched on 17 January 1918, being completed as an aircraft carrying cruiser on 21 September 1918. HMS Vindictive was selected for use as the assault ship in the attack on Zeebrugge, and was to land the first wave of seamen storming parties and Royal Marines on the Mole. She was launched on 9 December 1897 and completed in 1899. [23], In 1936–1937, Vindictive was demilitarised in accordance with the terms of the London Naval Treaty and converted to a training ship for cadets. ©2019, High Flying Dice Games, LLC. Her first (and apparently only) deck landing did not take place until November. She was reduced to reserve after the war and sold for scrap in 1946. Designed as an Cavendish class heavy cruiser but redesigned as a aircraft carrier and renamed HMS Vindictive. [7], In January 1917, the Board of Admiralty reviewed the navy's aircraft carrier requirements and decided to order two ships fitted with a flying-off deck as well as a landing deck aft. Originally designed as a Hawkins class heavy cruiser and laid down under the name Cavendish. Vindictive was demilitarized and converted into a training ship in 1936–1937. The hull form was unchanged from her cruiser design but a large hangar was added aft and a smaller hangar added forward. She served in the Norwegian Campaign with the Home Fleet, then in July 1940 she transferred to Freetown, West Africa, serving in the South Atlantic until December 1942. But the truth is somewhat more complex and varied. With grateful thanks to the resources made available by www.naval-history.net. Edited by Hansjörg Kohler, Old Weather Transcriber, Cornaux, near Neuchâtel, Switzerland. [16], Vindictive's aircraft continued to support British operations against the Bolsheviks until they left the Baltic in December, although no further missions were flown from the carrier. [18], After the Second World War began in August 1939, Vindictive was transferred to Devonport for a modernisation like that of her sister Effingham, with nine 6-inch (152 mm) guns, four twin-gun 4-inch (100 mm) mounts and a catapult. Gardiner, Robert; Gray, Randal, eds (1984). The aft funnel was removed, the aft superstructure remodelled and enlarged and her hangar converted into more accommodation space. 1919 - Militarists and Mutineers Also published on the Workers' Liberty website. She was converted to her final role at Malta in 1944, departing Malta on 15 October 1944. This proposal had six 6-inch guns and three 4-inch AA guns, and her former aft boiler room was to be converted from a laundry into an oil tank to extend her range, but this was rejected in favour of a conversion into a fleet repair ship. Used under license of Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Vindictive Sailors 28th April 1918: The crew of HMS Vindictive on their return from a mission to block off a German submarine base in Zeebrugge. 5 and 6 7.5-inch guns and moving the four 3-inch AA guns to an elevated platform between the funnels, in lieu of the 3-inch guns intended for that position. In 1936-1937, Vindictive was converted to a training ship for cadets. Steam for the turbines was provided by 12 Yarrow boilers; 8 of these were oil-fired while the remaining 4 used coal. [4] At maximum elevation these guns fired a 200-pound (91 kg) shell to a range of 21,114 yards (19,307 m). In 1919, Britain came close to a workers’ and soldiers’ uprising. 65; Raven & Roberts, pp. ... (British Warships 1914-1919) [15], The carrier unloaded her air group, commanded by Major Grahame Donald, at Koivisto, Finland on 14 July. Renamed in 1918, she was completed a few weeks before the end of the war and saw no active service with the Grand Fleet. During this time she received her first radars. Vindictive was thought to be too small to be an effective carrier and the financial restrictions in place after the war vitiated against such a major reconstruction. [6], The Hawkins-class cruisers were protected with an armour that had a maximum thickness of 4 inches abreast the ships' magazines and a minimum thickness of 1.5 inches (38 mm). Following conversion back into a cruiser with a reduced aircraft capacity, she sailed from Chatham the Fifth Light Cruiser Squadron on the China Stationearly in 1926. Her first (and appa… Cavendish was launched on 17 January 1918. This required a large ship to provide the necessary endurance for sustained operations away from supporting bases and high speed to catch the raiders. [4] On 17–18 August 1919, eight aircraft flying from the Vindictive carried out bombing and strafing attacks on gun and searchlight crews protecting the naval base. Her first role after the conversion was completed in early 1940, however, was to transport troops during the Norwegian Campaign. Later two stokers were caught trying to stop the fan engines. 2 7.5-inch gun was not installed and she retained her hangar in the forward superstructure. HMS Vindictive oli Britannian kuninkaallisen laivaston vuonna 1918 valmistunut Hawkins-luokan raskaasta risteilijästä HMS Cavendishistä muutettu lentotukialus. U-515 sank the accompanying destroyer tender Hecla and blew the stern off one of the escorting destroyers, Marne. She paid off into reserve on 30 December 1929. The design was also given high freeboard to allow it to maintain its speed in heavy weather. In July 1919, Vindictive was dispatched to the Baltic Sea with 12 aircraft to support the British activities in the Baltic in support of the White Russians and independent Baltic states. No. The principal concern was the major Bolshevik naval base at Kronstadt, which protected Petrograd. Add to this record. (Senior Naval Officer?) Between 1923 and 1925 she was reconverted back to a cruiser. It was introduced in Update 1.93 "Shark Attack". Vindictive was again reduced to reserve in 1929, making occasional trooping voyages. Eight of these were on low-angle mounts intended for use against torpedo boats and the remaining four were on high-angle mounts for anti-aircraft defence. [2], The ships had four Parsons geared steam turbines, each of which drove one propeller shaft. She paid off into reserve on 24 December 1919. Vindictive used it for the first time on 3 October when she launched a Fairey IIID floatplane. [30] In 1945 she received an additional six Oerlikons. [6], Cavendish was laid down at the Harland & Wolff shipyard in Belfast on 26 June 1916 and launched on 17 January 1918. It consisted of two layers of high-tensile steel of varying thicknesses that covered most of the ships' sides. [10], Friedman 2010, pp. This diversionary raid distracted the defences and enabled Royal Navy Coastal Motor Boats to attack naval vessels in Kronstadt harbour. Originally designed as a Hawkins-class heavy cruiser and laid down under the name Cavendish, she served in several different roles and underwent several conversions in a remarkably varied career that lasted until she was scrapped in 1946. The flight decks were removed and Vindictive was reconfigured back to a cruiser in 1924. 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